Sunday, January 15, 2017

7. ‘Charucharya’ of Kshemendra (A treatise on moral education)

7.    ‘Charucharya’of Kshemendra
(A treatise on moral education)
                            Dr. Chilakamarthi Durgaprasada Rao

7.    अर्थिभुक्तावशिष्टं यत्तदश्नीयान्महायश: |
   श्वेतोsर्थिरहितं भुक्त्वा निजमांसाशनोsभवत् || 

          महायश: = గొప్ప కీర్తిగలవాడు; अर्थिभुक्तं=అతిథితినగా; यत्= ఏది ;अवशिष्टं= మిగులునో ; तत्=అది /దానిని ; अश्नीयात्=తినవలయును; श्वेत:= శ్వేతుడు అను రాజు अर्थिरहितं =అతిథులకు సమర్పి౦ చకుండ ; भुक्त्वा =తిని निजमांसाशन:=తనమా౦సమునే తిన్నవాడు   अभवत् =అయ్యెను ||  

         గోప్పకిర్తి పొందగోరువాడు (మహాత్ముడు) ముందుగా అతిథికి పెట్టి ఆ తరువాతనే తాను తినవలెను . అతిథికి పెట్టకుండా తినుటవలన శ్వేతుడు     తన శరీరమాంసమునే  తాను తినవలసి వచ్చెను .
         There lived a king named Shveta whose father was Sudeva in days of yore. Having ruled over his kingdom for many years, he went to forest, built a hermitage and took penance for a long time. Lord Brahma appeared before him and granted him his abode as boon. Normally a person who enters in to Brahmaloka is not affected by hunger and thirst, but on the contrary Sweta, was still suffering    from hunger and thirst even after he reached there. He enquired the reason for his condition. As an answer Brahma said that the king had enjoyed every thing without out offering even some amount of it to any body, so as a remedy he should go back and take penance by eating his own flesh. As ordained by Brahma Shveta went to the forest back and started penance by eating his own flesh. It so happened that the sage Agastya observed this unusual practice (eating one’s own flesh) and inquired the reason. Then Shveta narrated the whole story and begged for relief. On the advice of Brahma he offered a precious necklace to Agastya for relief from the predicament.
         The purport of this sloka is that a person how great he or she may be should not eat without offering it to poor and needy.   


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